By Hernan Nessi and Agustin Geist
BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) – In the Crypstation cafe in downtown Buenos Aires, trendy young Argentines order their lattes and pastries surrounded by screens with real-time cryptocurrency price quotes and a huge neon Bitcoin logo. The bill can be paid in digital money, too.
Savers in the South American nation are increasingly being drawn to cryptocurrency to offset years of painful inflation, now running near 60% – shrugging off a recent market crash and El Salvador’s troubled experiment with virtual tender.
“The local environment is pushing people to protect their capital in cryptocurrencies and so we see growth speeding up,” said Mauro Liberman, 39, one of the founders of the cafe, which is aimed at promoting the use of digital tender.
“Throughout Latin America the growth potential is enormous,” he said, adding that most local users were buying it as a way to hoard their savings. “It is an avalanche that won’t be stopped.”
An April report from Americas Market Intelligence showed crypto penetration in Argentina was 12%, around double the level of Mexico and Brazil. Adoption in hyperinflation-plagued Venezuela is even higher, according to a recent Chainalysis report. (Graphic: Argentina: crypto is king – https://graphics.reuters.com/CRYPTO-CURRENCY/ARGENTINA/gdpzyeybxvw/chart.png)
The draw is a lack of confidence in the local peso currency, which has depreciated 14% this year against the dollar. Capital controls limiting foreign exchange to $200 monthly are also spurring crypto adoption.
Annual inflation rose to 58% in April and could go as high as 70% this year, a rate which makes crypto attractive, despite the recent crash which has seen stablecoins like TerraUSD and Tether slide, and bitcoin drop to a 16-month low.
Victor Levrero, 44, an IT specialist in Buenos Aires province, puts his extra savings into stablecoin and bitcoin each month after using up his $200 quota to convert pesos to dollars. He doesn’t bother with fixed-term peso savings.
“Basically, it’s because I lose less,” he said. “With Argentine inflation of between 60-70%, and fixed terms paying 30-35%, it just doesn’t work.”
Local crypto platforms like Lemon Cash and Buenbit told Reuters that their user base had ballooned over the last year.
The central bank has warned repeatedly about the risk of investing in volatile digital currencies, and some adopters are taking it carefully.
Marcelo Vila, 37, a self-employed computer technician, said for now he only he had a small amount invested in bitcoin and Ether.
“The idea is to expand the proportion of funds invested in crypto,” he said. “But until I get to know the crypto market, I can’t put a lot of money into it.”
Sebastian Carsorio, 23, from a poor Escobar neighborhood outside the capital, has little to lose. He is looking to dig himself out of poverty using a home-made cryptocurrency mine he assembled with recycled computer parts from his work.
“I repaired the things and put it together in a computer,” he told Reuters at his home, where he had screens showing how the mining is going. He started with Ethereum and then bitcoin – which allowed him to buy some land and go back to school.
“I’ll keep mining because it’s a good way of saving,” Carsorio said, explaining that he gets a better exchange rate for pesos than he would on the street. “When money has been tight, mining has saved me many times.”
Argentina: crypto is king (Interactive graphic) https://tmsnrt.rs/38x0Kdi
Argentina: crypto is king https://tmsnrt.rs/3MqdpgK
(Reporting by Hernan Nessi and Agustin Geist; Additional reporting Horacio Soria; Editing by Adam Jourdan and Rosalba O’Brien)
Copyright 2022 Thomson Reuters.